ARMAMENTS USED IN THE UKRAINIAN CONFLICT 2014–2015
 
More details
Hide details
1
Ministry of National Defence, Republic of Lithuania
 
Security and Defence Quarterly 2017;15(2):54–84
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The development of events in Ukraine at the end of 2014 led to the outbreak of armed fighting in Donbas, where virtually all kinds of land forces’ arms were used, not only of Soviet or Russian production but also the latest ones and armaments that had been previously withdrawn from operation. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the armaments used during the fighting in the Donbas region, innovations in weaponry and tactics in the period from April 2014 to the middle of February 2015. The study is based on the qualitative analysis of primary source materials from photographs and video clips available in free circulation as well as information shared in online forums (particularly Russian ones) and unstructured interviews with the participants of those events. The findings of the study pertain to the kinds of Soviet and Russian land forces’ armaments in a real combat situation as well as the tactics involved in using them.
 
REFERENCES (34)
1.
A. Sharkovsky, Война на юго-востоке Украины меняется качественно, Nezavisimoe Voennoe Obozrenie, 22.05.2015, http://nvo.ng.ru/realty/2015-0... [accessed: 8.08.2015].
 
2.
Від вибуху на Донеччині постраждало двоє військових, один з них помер, Ukrainska Pravda, 28.04.2014, http://www.pravda.com.ua/news/... [accessed: 8.08.2015].
 
3.
Col. Dmytro Kobec's presentation at the conference in Tartu on 27 january 2015.
 
4.
S. Gerasimov, Видео Эксклюзив МОТОРОЛА проверил боевые позиции в Семеновке, 05.06.2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?... [accessed: 15.08.2015].
 
5.
Y. Domasheva, E. Azeev, L. Sidorenko, Под Краматорском погибли шесть украинских военных, Komsomolskaya Pravda v Ukraine, 13.05.2014, http://kp.ua/politics/452433-p... kramatorskom-pohybly-shest-ukraynskykh-voennykh [accessed: 25.08.2015].
 
6.
Колонна украинских военных попала в засаду в Харьковской области, Focus, 10.06.2014, http://focus.ua/country/308099... [accessed: 25.08. 2015].
 
7.
In the attack, there were about 13 Ukrainian soldiers killed, 20 wounded, and 3 APCs were destroyed. Among the separatists the death toll was 9 and 17 were wounded. Террористы расстреляли украинских солдат под Волновахой, Sait Mariupola 0629. cm.ua, 22.05.2014, http://www.0629.com.ua/article..., https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=9yEhQ21BrCA [accessed: 30.08.2015].
 
8.
Y. Kasyanov, Как был уничтожен 1-й блокпост, Cenzor.net, 28.06.2014, http://censor. net.ua/resonance/291942/kak_by... [accessed: 25.08. 2015].
 
9.
This information was provided by Col. Dmytro Kobec at the conference “Ukrainian Crisis” in Tartu on 27 January 2015.
 
10.
F. Mahmudov, Commander of “Ghost” brigade (LPR Army) Aleksey Mozgovoy was assassinated, APA, 23.05.2015, http://en.apa.az/world-news/ci... commander-of-ghost-brigade-lpr-army-aleksey-mozgovoy-was-assassinated.html [accessed: 30.08.2015]; M. Moshkin, Атамана Батю взорвали в автомобиле после свадьбы, Delovaya Gazeta Vzglyad, 12.12.2015, http://www.vz.ru/incidents/201.... html [accessed: 30.12.2015]; G. Naberejnov, В Луганске убит обвиняемый в пытках командир ополченцев «Бэтмен», RBK, 2.01.2015, http://www.rbc.ru/politics/02/... 54a6ad809a794737b58c4ea3 [accessed: 30.07.2015].
 
11.
Игорь (Бес) Безлер: начнем наступление, когда противник выдохнется, RIA Novosti, 16.07.2014, http://ria.ru/interview/201407... [accessed: 30.08. 2015].
 
12.
Don’t forget that the events in Maidan just finished and internal troop formations were behind a different side of the barricade...
 
13.
Lt.Gen. Sergey Kultchystki, the chief of National Guard Department of combat and special training, died in a helicopter crash after it was shot down by separatists in Donbas on 29 May 2014.
 
14.
РПГ с зарядом мины Ноу хау от ДУК Правый Сектор, https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=gRpoZuxq7rw [accessed: May 2016].
 
15.
Joint Doctrine Note 3/10 Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Terminology, Definitions and Classifications has been archived and is not the authoritative reference, https://www.gov. uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/432646/20150427-DCDC_ JDN_3_10_Archived.pdf.
 
16.
Cloudiness dominates in Donbas from October to April. The ceiling of clouds amounts to 300m.
 
17.
retrieved from Міністерствo оборони України, http://www.mil.gov.ua/; Сколько танков в Вооруженных силах Украины? часть 1, LIVEJOURNAL, 29.07.2014, https:// altyn73.livejournal.com/599180... [accessed: 20.08.2015].
 
18.
In the initial period of fighting, the Ukrainian side tried using air forces. However, it soon appeared that separatists had well organised air defence systems at their disposal. The Ukrainian combat losses from April to the end of August 2014 amounted to 19 aircraft, 18 of which were lost during missions. Despite this, 17 helicopters were damaged and needed to land, 10 retreated after being damaged at airports. High losses and lack of effectiveness in operation eliminated Ukrainian air forces from the battlefield. M. Gawęda, Ukraińskie lotnictwo w wojnie o Donbas, Magnum-X, Lotnictwo 11/2014, http://www.magnum-x.pl/ artykul/ukraiskie-lotnictwo-w-wojnie-o-donbas [accessed: 30.05.2015].
 
19.
На вооружение ВСУ вскоре должен поступить новый 120 мм миномет украинского производства Молот, Novoe Vremya, 6.10.2015, http://nv.ua/ukraine/events/na... vooruzhenie-vsu-vskore-dolzhen-postupit-novyj-120-mm-minomet-ukrainskogo- proizvodstva-molot-72626.html [accessed: 15.12.2015].
 
20.
РСЗО „Град” нового поколения в украинской армии будет на КрАЗах, Autoconsulting, 3.12.2015, http://www.autoconsulting.com.... [accessed: 30.12.2015].
 
21.
The authors were acquainted with two other systems, according to their constructors not worse than GIS-ARTA at Arms and Security exhibition (Kiev 11-14.10.2016).
 
22.
After a certain time it was revealed that AT-7 after a shot stopped reacting to operator’s commands. The reason could be either its improper storage or lack of operator’s skills.
 
23.
Available since 2013. A characteristic feature – laser-guided missile, the operator cannot move during its flight. There are no cases of combat use.
 
24.
In service since 2011. One video shows its use in battles at Donetsk airport. A special feature – semi-automatic by laser beam guided system, no thermos-vision channel.
 
25.
In service since 2011, it is a modification of Mi-24. It is mounted on remotely controlled turrets in BTR-3E, BTR-4, BTR-7..
 
26.
Ukrainian – Byelorussian construction, actively promoted on foreign markets.
 
27.
Speech of the representative of Ukraine 2015 June 15 d at the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction http://www.apminebanconvention... June15/2e_COOPERATIVE_COMPLIANCE_COMMITTEE_Ukraine.pdf.
 
28.
Terrorists are conducting mine warfare contrary to the Ottawa Convention, Censor.NET, 7.07.2014, https://en.censor.net.ua/photo... warfare_contrary_to_the_ottawa_convention_ministry_of_defense_photos [accessed: 28.08.2015].
 
29.
Оригинальные мины ополчения из подручных вещей новости Украины АТО ЛНР ДНР, 12 08 2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?... [accessed: 25.08.2015].
 
30.
СВУ на Украине, LiveJournal, 31.05.2014, http://twower.livejournal.com/.... html [ accessed: 28.08.2015].
 
31.
NBU-P Detonating Device, zIFBoards, 6.03.2009, http://z4.invisionfree.com/ NSDraftroom/ar/t5649.htm [accessed: 30.07. 2015].
 
32.
Украина.БТР наехал на мину.Колонна сил АТО. Террористы разбрасывают мины по всему Донбассу, YouTube, 4.08.2014, https://www.youtube.com/watch?... [accessed: 15.08. 2015].
 
33.
Missing a target by guided anti-tank missiles might result from poor operator training but also there are statements that it might be due to electronic warfare assets used by separatists.
 
34.
Mi-24 helicopter pilots, who were shot down on 4.06.2014 had such mobiles, which worked out because probable radio emission could have been promptly located by separatists. The pilots manged to return.
 
eISSN:2544-994X
ISSN:2300-8741