RESEARCH PAPER
High power microwave for knocking out programmable suicide drones
 
More details
Hide details
1
Fab-Lab, Qatar Scientific Club
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Mohamed Zied Chaari   

Fab-Lab, Qatar Scientific Club, Wholesale Street, 9769, Doha, Qatar
Submission date: 2020-12-26
Final revision date: 2021-03-08
Acceptance date: 2021-03-27
Online publication date: 2021-04-15
 
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
The primary research objective is to reduce the dangers of rogue drones in our lives and the consequences of extremist groups, drug dealers, and organised criminals using them. The growing number of incidents involving modified drones proves the weakness of existing technology in stopping and neutralising errant drones such as the hand-held gun jammer, trained eagle, R.F. jammer, and others. This technology is not very likely to able to knock out a rogue drone and is incapable of stopping programmable drones. This article aims to examine the directed energy of HPM (high power microwaves) in using the electromagnetic field strength energy to damage the drone’s structure or burn its PCB board electronics. It goes on to analyse electronic attack using microwave power with high frequency to immediately switch off drones. The effectiveness of high microwave power for disrupting drones at different distances and in different weather conditions is evaluated. A study of the conical horn antenna of the magnetron coupling system, which has an operating frequency of 2.45 GHz, is also included.
 
REFERENCES (31)
1.
Archambault, E. and Veilleux-Lepage, Y. (2020) ‘Drone imagery in Islamic State propaganda: flying like a state’, International Affairs, 96(4), pp. 955–973. doi: 10.1093/ia/iiaa014.
 
2.
Bertizzolo, L., D’oro, S., Ferranti, L., Bonati, L., Demirors, E., Guan, Z., Melodia, T. and Pudlewski, S. (2020) ‘SwarmControl: An Automated Distributed Control Framework for Self-Optimizing Drone Networks’, in IEEE INFOCOM 2020 – IEEE Conference on Computer Communications, July, pp. 1768–1777. doi: 10.1109/INFOCOM41043.2020.9155231.
 
3.
Burdon, C. J. (2017) Hardening Unmanned Aerial Systems Against High Power Microwave Threats in Support of Forward Operations. Research Report. Air Command and Staff College. Available at: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/... (Accessed: 20 December 2020).
 
4.
Chaari, M. Z. (2015) Transfert d’énergie électrique pour charger les batteries d’un robot Transmission d’énergie. Available at: https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:... (Accessed: 20 December 2020).
 
5.
Chaari, M. Z. (2020) ‘Testing the efficiency of laser technology to destroy the rogue drones’, Security and Defence Quarterly 32(5), pp. 31–38. doi: 10.35467/sdq/127360.
 
6.
Chaari, M. Z. and Al-Maadeed, S. (2021) ‘The game of drones/weapons makers’ war on drones’, in Koubaa, A. and Taher Aza, A. (eds) Unmanned Aerial Systems: Theoretical Foundation and Applications. London: Academic Press, pp. 465–493. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-820276-0.00025-X.
 
7.
Chamola, V., Kotesh, P., Agarwal, A., Naren, Gupta, N. and Guizani, M. (2021) ‘A Comprehensive Review of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Attacks and Neutralization Techniques’, Ad Hoc Networks, 111, p. 102324. doi: 10.1016/j.adhoc.2020.102324.
 
8.
Colton, J. (2019) ‘The Problems and Limitations of RF Jammers for Stopping Rogue Drones’, Fortem Technologies. Available at: https://fortemtech.com/blog/rf... (Accessed: 22 December 2020).
 
9.
Cureton, P. (2020) Drone Futures: UAS in Landscape and Urban Design. Oxon and New York: Routledge.
 
10.
Donnelly, J., Jacobs, T. and Whitfield, S. (2020) ‘First IPTC in Saudi Arabia Attracts Top Executives, Breaks Attendance Record’, Journal of Petroleum Technology, 72(03), pp. 38–46. doi: 10.2118/0320-0038-JPT. ‘Drone strike deals a blow to Saudi energy ambitions’ (2019) Emerald Expert Briefings, oxan-db(oxan-db). doi: 10.1108/OXAN-DB246450.
 
11.
Englund, S. H. (2019) ‘A dangerous middle-ground: terrorists, counter-terrorists, and gray-zone conflict’, Global Affairs, 5(4–5), pp. 389–404. doi: 10.1080/23340460.2019.1711438.
 
12.
Gu, X., Cui, D., Lu, F. and Xin, Z. (2020) ‘Analysis on Damage Efficiency of High Power Microwave to Marine Navigation Radar’, in 2020 23rd International Microwave and Radar Conference (MIKON). 2020 23rd International Microwave and Radar Conference (MIKON), pp. 271–273. doi: 10.23919/MIKON48703.2020.9253931.
 
13.
Hubička, Z., Gudmundsson, J. T., Larsson, P. and Lundin, D. (2020) ‘Hardware and power management for high power impulse magnetron sputtering’, in Lundin, D., Minea, T. and Gudmundsson, J. T. (eds) High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering Fundamentals, Technologies, Challenges and Applications. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 49–80. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-812454-3.00007-3.
 
14.
Li, S., Huang, H. and Zhao, D. (2020) ‘GaN nanowires decorated with Pd for methane gas sensor’, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 558 042037. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/558/4/042037.
 
15.
Liu, Q., Wang, J. and Jun, Y. (2020) ‘Damage evaluation of microwave anti swarm attack based on scoring method’, in 2020 IEEE International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering and Computer Applications (AEECA), pp. 345–350. doi: 10.1109/AEECA49918.2020.9213545.
 
16.
Majcher, K., Musiał, M., Pakos, W., Różański, A., Sobótka, M. and Trapko, T. (2020) ‘Methods of Protecting Buildings against HPM Radiation-A Review of Materials Absorbing the Energy of Electromagnetic Waves’, Materials, 13, 5509. doi: 10.3390/ma13235509.
 
17.
Mîndroiu, A. and Mototolea, D. (2019) ‘Drone Detection’, Journal of Military Technology, 2(1), pp. 17–22. doi: 10.32754/JMT.2019.1.03.
 
18.
Moafa, A. (2020) Drones Detection Using Smart Sensors. Master’s Thesis. Daytona Beach, Fl: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. Available at: https://commons.erau.edu/edt/5... (Accessed: 20 December 2020).
 
19.
Monte, L. A. D. (2021) War at the Speed of Light: Directed-Energy Weapons and the Future of Twenty-First Century Warfare. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, Potomac Books. doi: 10.2307/j.ctv1f70m1m.
 
20.
Pan, Y., Cheng, Y. and Dong, Y. (2020) ‘Dual Polarized Directive Ultrawideband Antenna Integrated with Horn and Vivaldi Array’, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 20(1), pp. 48–52. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2020.3039377.
 
21.
Pina, D. F. (2017) Ideal Directed-Energy System To Defeat Small Unmanned Aircraft System Swarms. Available at: https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/... (Accessed 15 October 2020).
 
22.
Plaw, A., Gurgel, B. C. and Plascencia, D. R. (2020) The Politics of Technology in Latin America (Volume 1): Data Protection, Homeland Security and the Labor Market. Oxon and New York: Routledge.
 
23.
Priya, A. H., Chandu, N. S., Apoorva, P. and Raghavendra, C. (2020) ‘Design and Analysis of Planar Array with Horn Antenna Beams’, in 2020 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP). pp. 0987–0991. doi: 10.1109/ICCSP48568.2020.9182425.
 
24.
Qi, J., Dang, Y., Zhang, P., Chou, H. and Ju, H. (2020) ‘Dual-Band Circular-Polarization Horn Antenna With Completely Inhomogeneous Corrugations’, IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 19(5), pp. 751–755. doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2020.2978878.
 
25.
Shi, X., Yang, C., Xie, W., Liang, C., Shi, Z. and Chen, J. (2018) ‘Anti-Drone System with Multiple Surveillance Technologies: Architecture, Implementation, and Challenges’, IEEE Communications Magazine, 56(4), pp. 68–74. doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2018.1700430.
 
26.
Tatum, J. (2017) ‘HPM DEWs and their effects on electronic targets’, DSIAC Journal, 9(3). Available at: https://www.dsiac.org/resource... (Accessed: 20 December 2020).
 
27.
Teber, A. (2020) ‘Investigation of Beam Width Shaping of a Ku-band Horn Antenna using a Diffractive Optic Element and an Electromagnetic Wave Absorber’, Sakarya University Journal of Science. doi: 10.16984/saufenbilder.726905.
 
28.
Tedeschi, P., Oligeri, G. and Di Pietro, R. (2020) ‘Leveraging Jamming to Help Drones Complete Their Mission’, IEEE Access, 8, pp. 5049–5064. doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2963105.
 
29.
Vaz, R. (2018) ‘Venezuela Assassination Attempt: Maduro Survives but Journalism Doesn’t’, Venezuelanalysis.com 7 August. Available at: https://venezuelanalysis.com/a... (Accessed: 20 December 2020).
 
30.
Wajeeha (2016) Netherlands Police Is Training Eagles To Take Down Rogue Drones, Wonderful Engineering. Available at: https://wonderfulengineering.c... (Accessed: 10 April 2021).
 
31.
Yaacoub, J.-P., Noura, H., Salman, O. and Chehab, A. (2020) ‘Security analysis of drones systems: Attacks, limitations, and recommendations’, Internet of Things, 11, p. 100218. doi: 10.1016/j.iot.2020.100218.
 
eISSN:2544-994X
ISSN:2300-8741