Maritime disputes in East Asia and the Pacific region – The stormy waves of international relations
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Baltic Defence College, Tartu, Estonia
Publication date: 2015-03-31
Security and Defence Quarterly 2015;6(1):115-138
Opinions expressed by the author are his own views and they do not re do not reflect in any way the ect in any way the official policy or position of the Baltic Defence College, or the governments of Estonia, Latvia or Lithuania.
J. Grygiel, Great Powers and Geopolitical Change, the John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 2006, p. 36.
Ibid., p. 36.
H. Kissinger, O Chinach (On China), Polish edition translated by M. Komorowska, Czarne Company, Wołowiec 2014, p. 115.
M. Sprangler, Rebalancing the Rebalance, Parameters No 44 (2) summer 2014, US Army War College, Carlisle Barracks 2014, p. 12. doi: 10.55540/0031-1723.2881.
China establishes ‘air-defence zone’ over East China Sea, BBC News Asia, 23 November 2013, [accessed: 14 October 2014].
Ponad połowa Chińczyków obawia się wybuchu wojny z Japonią (More than half of Chinese is afraid of war with Japan), IAR, Polish Press Agency – PAP 10 September 2014, http://,1329,title,Ponad-polowa-Chinczykow-obawia-sie-wybuchu-wojny-zJaponia,wid,16874772,wiadomosc.html [accessed: 14 October 2014].
H. Gye, A. Bond, It looks like an aircraft carrier, it sounds like an aircraft carrier... but the Japanese are adamant their biggest ship since WW2 is a ‘flat-topped destroyer’, Daily Mail Online 06 August 2013, [accessed: 0 [accessed: 08 November 2014].
C. Wallace, Japan’s war potential and the case of the Izumo ‘destroyer’, EastAsia Forum, 05 September 2013, [accessed: 0 [accessed: 08 November 2014].
T. Yoshihara, J. R. Holmes, Red Star over the Pacific. China’s Rise and the Challenge to U.S. Maritime Strategy, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis 2010, pp. 209-210.
In details read: D. A. Shlapak, D. T. Orletsky, T. I. Reid, M. S. Tanner, B. Wilson, Question of Balance. Political Context and Military Aspects of the China-Taiwan Dispute, RAND National Security Research Division, Santa Monica 2009, p. 131.
M. Sprangler, Rebalancing the Rebalance, op. cit., p. 16.
For details about maritime territorial disputes in East Asia read: B. Dolven, S. A. Kan, M. E. Manyin, Maritime Territorial Disputes in East Asia: Issues for Congress, CRS Report for Congress, Congressional Research Service (CRS), Washington 30 January 2013, sgp/crs/row/R42930.pdf [accessed: [accessed: 28 October 2014].
J. Hardy, China expands runway, harbour at Woody Island, IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, London 24 August 2014, %2009_02_2014_DW_Deployment&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Eloqua [accessed: 28 October 2014].
Main assets are: Boeing P-8A Poseidon maritime surveillance aircraft and Lockheed P-3C Orion maritime patrol aircraft.
M. Sprangler, Rebalancing the Rebalance, op. cit., p. 20.
For details of the EDCA read: C. Thayer, Analyzing the US-Philippines Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement, The Diplomat 02 May 2014, [accessed: 28 October 2014].
J. Hardy, Analysis: ASEAN finds voice over South China Sea dispute, IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, London 14 August 2014, SECURITY%2008_19_2014_DW_Deployment&utm_medium=email&utm_source=Eloqua [[accessed: 08 November 2014].
Read about both theories: S. M. Walt, Alliance Formation and the Balance of World Power, the MIT Press, International Security, Vol. 9, No. 4 Spring, 1985, pp. 3-43. doi:10.2307/2538540.
Ibid, p. 6.
J. Hardy, Analysis: ASEAN finds voice over South China Sea dispute, op. cit.
Kim Young-jin, Why Ieodo matters, the Korean Times, 18 September 2012, http://www. [accessed: 14 October 2014].
S. Tiezzi, China Is Surprisingly OK with South Korea’s New ADIZ, The Diplomat, 10 December 2013, [accessed: 14 October 2014].
S. Pourzitakis, Japan and Russia: Arctic Friends, The Diplomat (01 February 2014), http:// [accessed: 02 August 2014].
M. Sprangler, Rebalancing the Rebalance, op. cit., p. 13.
T. Yoshihara, J. R. Holmes, Red Star over the Pacific.., op., cit., p. 174.
P.S. Das, India’s Strategic Concerns in the Indian Ocean, South Asia Defense and Strategy Yearbook, ed. Rajan Arya, New Delhi 2009, p. 96.
The role of sea lines of communications is also outlined in: Z. Sliwa, China’s Strategic Growth Sustainment: Accidental Leader?, Connections, The Partnership for Peace Consortium (PfPC), Fall 2010, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany 2010, pp. 17-35. doi:10.11610/Connections.9.4.02.
R. D. Kaplan, The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and The Battle Against Fate, Random House In., New York 2012, p. 199.
Y. Smityuk, SCO exercise Peace Mission 2014 to involve 7,000 troops, Shanghai 19 August 2014,, [accessed: 23 October 2014].
A.Luhn, T. Macalister, Russia signs 30-year deal worth $400bn to deliver gas to China, the Guardian 21 May 2014, [accessed: 10 November 2014] and also A.Anishchuk, .Anishchuk,Russia, China ink framework deal on second major gas supply deal, Reuters 09 November 2014, us-china-russia-gas-idUKKCN0IT0GL20141109 [accessed: 10 November 2014].
J. Grygiel, Great Powers and Geopolitical Change, op. cit., pp. 169 – 170.
J. van Tol, M. Gunzinger, A. Krepinevich, J. Thomas, AirSea Battle: A Point of Depa rture - Operational Concept, Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments, Washington 2010, p. 11, [accessed: 10 November 2014]. doi: 10.21236/ADA522258.
S. Tiezzi, China’s Growing Defense Budget: Not As Scary As You Think, The Diplomat 05 February 2104, [accessed: 14 November 2014].
J. Garamone, U.S. to Continue to Lead in 21st Century, Hagel Says, American Forces Press Service, Singapore 30 May 2014, [accessed: 10 November 2014].
J. Garamone, U.S. to Continue to Lead in 21st Century, op. cit.
T. Yoshihara, J. R. Holmes, Red Star over the Pacific…, op. cit., p. 196.
H. Kissinger, O Chinach (On China), op. cit., p. 532.
M. Dura, Samoloty patrolowe Poseidon dla lotnictwa USA i Australii, 19 August 2014, [accessed: 24 October 2014].
S. Kainikara, Security Challenges to South-East Asia and the Prospects of Conflict, edited version of the paper presented at the 4th Annual National Security and Strategy Workshop in Perth on 9 November 2012., p. 3. [accessed: 24 October 2014].
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