RESEARCH PAPER
Wars in the later 21st century: Forecast developments in the methods of warfare
 
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Faculty of Logistics, Military University of Technology, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marcin Górnikiewicz   

Faculty of Logistics, Military University of Technology, Poland
Online publication date: 2019-12-24
Publication date: 2019-12-24
Submission date: 2019-09-02
Final revision date: 2019-09-20
Acceptance date: 2019-10-09
 
Security and Defence Quarterly 2019;27(5):21–31
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
This paper attempts to forecast the future of warfare methods in the forthcoming decades of the 21st century. The predictions reflect on the current trends observed in the development of military and civil (dual-use) technologies and changes in thought constructs developed for hostilities.

Methods:
Empirical and theoretical research methods were utilised in the study. The research data, obtained from the review of source materials, were subsequently subjected to examination through analysis, synthesis and comparison.

Results:
The methods of warfare at the turn of the 21st century are likely to reflect the technological evolution of the modern age. Considering the present-day trends, there is a good probability that our technology-driven lives will transform people into hybrids of biological organisms merged with the technological environment, integrated with the body. Therefore, hostile action against human soldiers could be taken on three major levels: the biological organism, the mass communication technology integrated into the body, and the mental level – both in the conscious and the subconscious sphere. The study into how the soldier’s mental sphere can be influenced to anticipate and shape behaviours may contribute to further research on the third level impact on enemy soldiers.

Conclusions:
The conclusions formulated in this analysis may carry significant implications for the works on an innovative methodology of the future warfare, accounting for the technological progress in the next decades of the 21st century, and a methodology for countering future military threats.

 
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