RESEARCH PAPER
PRO-DAESH JIHADIST PROPAGANDA. A STUDY OF SOCIAL MEDIA AND VIDEO GAMES
 
More details
Hide details
1
Akademia Obrony Narodowej
Online publish date: 2017-03-21
Publish date: 2017-03-30
 
Security and Defence Quarterly 2017;14(1):69–90
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The fight that Europe and the West must wage against jihadist terrorism will take some time, but if we live up to our values of integration and democracy, we will come out of it soon. As Giovanni Falcone, the Italian judge killed by the Mafia, once said about the Mafia: “It is a human phenomenon, and as all human phenomena has a start and an evolution, it will have also an end”.

Jihadis have been using Twitter at least since 2010, with the Shabaab joining the site in December 2011, but never before to this extent. One early adapter of Twitter, the Afghan Taliban, began to establish their social media presence in December 2010, through which they issued brief bulletins about their actions and alerts for forthcoming communiqués. Many of the most prominent jihadi groups have followed the same path, including the Shabaab al-Mujahideen, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), and al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). The content of these Twitter accounts has tended to closely mirror material released to jihadi forums. For example, the Afghan Taliban may post the text of a communiqué to their website, to a jihadi forum, and to the Twitter account of one of their spokesmen. Mirroring jihadi groups, elements of the online jihadi community have also migrated to social media sites, with prominent forums such as Shumukh al-Islam and Ansar al- Mujahideen English Forum creating Twitter accounts to publicise notable releases and discussions. Concurrently, many individual jihadis and jihadi supporters have joined Twitter, enthusiastically circulating propaganda among themselves and promoting it to potential recruits. Yet, the benefits conferred by social networking come with a substantial cost: social networking platforms can sow great confusion if known official accounts are deleted and re-established or if there are multiple accounts claiming to represent a specific jihadi group. In order to reach the new official accounts, followers must be able to distinguish the legitimate social media accounts of jihadi groups from non-authenticated users, which is a level of ambiguity that is not found on jihadi forums.
 
REFERENCES (26)
1.
Al-Zaky A., (2009, March-): @AhmadAlZ, https://twitter.com/ahmadalz
 
2.
Bunt G. R., iMuslims: Rewiring the House of Islam. (Islamic Civilization and Muslim Networks), Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
 
3.
Byman D., Breaking the Bonds between Al-Qa’ida and Its Affiliate Organizations, Brookings, 2012 https://www.brookings.edu/~/me... alqaida%20terrorism%20byman/alqaida%20terrorism%20byman.pdf.
 
4.
Cyberterrorism Project, The Cyberterrorism Project Site, http://www.cyberterrorism- project.org, 2012
 
5.
Chuvlov M., , How an arrest in Iraq revealed Isis’s $2bn jihadist network, The Guardian, 15 June 2014 http://www.theguardian. com/world/2014/jun/15/iraq-isis-arrest-jihadists-wealth-power
 
6.
Harper T., Alan Henning: Al-Qaeda appealed to Isis to release British aid worker following kidnap, The Independent, April 22, 2015 http://www.independent.co.uk/n... middle-east/alan-henning-alqaeda-appealed-to-isis-to-release-british-aid-worker- following-kidnap-9734598.html.
 
7.
Holmer G., Countering Violent Extremism: A Peace Building Perspective. USIP, 29 August, 2013.
 
8.
Price E., Literature on Terrorism, Media, Propaganda & Cyber-Terrorism. Perspectives on Terrorism, 6(1), March 2012. http://www.terrorismanalysts.c... article/view/price-literature-terrorism-media
 
9.
Sherlock R., Spencer R., Senior al-Qaeda jihadist speaks out in defence of Peter Kassig, The Telegraph, October 22, 2014 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/new... state/11181229/Senior-al-Qaeda-jihadist-speaks-out-in-defence-of-Peter-Kassig.html.
 
10.
Signorielli N., Gerbner G., Violence and Terror in the Mass Media: An Annotated Bibliography, Bibliographies and Indexes in Sociology, 13. Greenwood Press, New York, 1988.
 
11.
Williams J. R., particularly ISIS vs. Al Qaeda: Jihadism’s Global Civil War, The National Interest, February/March 2015. http://nationalinterest.org/fe... jihadism%E2%80%99s-global-civil-war-12304.
 
12.
Zelin A. Y., Jihadology, 2010. URL: http://jihadology.net
 
13.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/new... distributing-video-game-allows-players-play-role-Islamist-kill-Westerners. htmloot Obama, Captain IS, Go to Syria
 
14.
http://www.defenseone.com/thre... hollywood-reach-recruits/124709/
 
15.
https://www.brookings.edu/blog... modern-cultural-images-to-spread-anti-modern-values/
 
16.
https://ent.siteintelgroup.com... shares-guides-for-falsifying-id-to-reactivate-facebook-accounts.html
 
18.
http://www.news.com.au/technol... islamic-state-adapt-grand-theft-auto-game-into-virtual-jihad-recruitment-drive- for-kids/news-story/c3b3e4ff965833007b824978a5cadee9
 
22.
 
23.
ISIS jihadists declare ‘Islamic caliphate’, Al Arabiya, June 29, 2014, http://english.alarabiya. net/en/News/2014/06/29/ISIS-jihadists-declare-caliphate-.html.
 
24.
‘Islamic State‘ now controls resources and territory unmatched in history of extremist organisations, Washington Post
 
25.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/... controlsresources-and-territory-unmatched-in-history-of-extremistorganizations/ SRSG Bangura and SRSG Mladenov gravely concerned by reports of sexual violence against internally displaced persons, 13 August, 2014,
 
26.
United Nations Iraq: http://www.uniraq.org/index. php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=2373:srsg-bangura-and-srsgmladenov- gravely-concerned-by-reports-of-sexual-violence-againstinternally-displaced- persons&Itemid=605&lang=en
 
eISSN:2544-994X
ISSN:2300-8741