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Wydział Zarządzania i Dowodzenia, Akademia Obrony Narodowej, Warszawa, Polska
War Studies University
Security and Defence Quarterly 2017;14(1):35–50
One form of activity in cyberspace is the information battle. One of the proposed definitions will define it as a negative co–operation in the sphere of information acquisition, information distortion and information defense, where each side of the action is subordinated to the antagonistic side of the other  . It leads to the achievement of political objectives and is aimed at overthrowing the systems of the state responsible for the state of its security. It is important that this condition is at a high, or at least acceptable, level. To ensure this level, it is important to define cybersecurity fighting models that are adequate for the threats and to determine their impact on the level of national security risk in cyberspace. Literature on the subject contains many models of cyberwarfare information that have been shaped in recent years. However, there is no assessment of the adequacy of these models for the risks and risks associated with national security threats. It should be noted that information security itself, as part of national security, is variable. New threats are emerging and, at a very high rate and with high activity in cyberspace, they are capable of destabilising the security of key state administration bodies, military facilities and other important state– run infrastructures.

It should be emphasised that existing cyberspace fighting information models are not universal and cannot be used for any type of threat to national security. They need to find, organise and evaluate those that would be the most appropriate not only for national security threats but also for geopolitical determinants. Assumptions for the research and its results are a noticeable increase in the number of cyberattacks, some of which are important from the point of view of national security – the military system and critical infrastructure elements of the state.

The following subject of the research was adopted in the article – models of information fight, related to threats to national security coming from / to cyberspace. The purpose of scientific research is to define models of information combat and to determine the suitability and evaluation of these models for the purpose of evaluating the risks of national security threats. Identifying the subject and objectives of the research led to a general research question: What appropriate models of information fight in cyberspace can be defined and used for the risks of national security threats? The research method applied theoretical methods (analysis, synthesis, generalisation, abstraction, inference, analogy and comparison) as well as the empirical method of dialogue and the method of participant observation.
L. Ciborowski, Walka informacyjna, Adam Marszałek, Toruń, 1999, p. 187.
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P. Sienkiewicz, Wizje i modele wojny..., op. cit. , p. 375.
Talassocracy – the term from ancient Greek, relating to countries wielding power at the sea. Thanks to the desired domination at the sea, they also have power on the land. Contemporary talassocracy means sea domination in the aspects of economy, economics, or the military.
Tellurocracy – the term from ancient Greek, relating to countries wielding power and control on the land. Contemporary tellurocracy means land in the aspects of economy, economics, or the military.
A. Dugin, Gieopolitikapostmoderna, (trans.) P. Sieradzan, Geopolityka, 1(2), 2009.
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M. Orzechowski, Koncepcja walki informacyjnej..., op. cit.
J. Darczewska, Anatomia rosyjskiej wojny..., op. cit., pp. 14–15.
Ibid., p. 16.
M.C. Libicki, Cyberdeterrence and cyberwar, RAND Corporation, 2009, p. 12.
M.C. Libicki, What is Information Warfare?, National Defense University, Center for Advanced Concepts and Technology, Washington D.C., 1995, p. 1.
The acronym comes from English words – command and control (often referred to as – C2).
A hacker – a person of high practical computer skills, knowing many programming languages and operational systems, and good orientation in the Internet. Hackers who have very good knowledge can even influence the higher level of safety of banks and state institutions, and they also can pose a threat to them. In colloquial language, the word hacker became a symbol of a computer burglar, who, using remote means of access, breaks into IT systems for fun or some other purpose. It is worth remembering, though, that hacking itself is not a bad thing. It is looking for new solutions, enriching skills to be the best in your field of IT. A hacker can be a criminal if s/he uses the knowledge to commit a crime., Encyclopedia of Law, http//www.gazetaprawna/ encyclopedia/pawo/hasla/haker.html [accessed: 02.07.2017].
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